Energy & Climate


tree canopy

Price-Responsive Allowance Supply in Emissions Markets

Price-responsive supply can enhance the performance of real-world regulatory environments through an automatic adjustment mechanism that responds instantaneously to new information about abatement costs.


The Effects of "Nonbinding" Price Floors

Price floors are a common form of policy intervention to bolster prices. In introductory economics textbooks, minimum wages
in labor markets and price supports in grain markets are often the most common examples. In either case, it is argued, (1) a floor

Utility-scale solar

Achieving Clean Electricity Generation by 2045

This paper explores potential strategies for achieving least-cost decarbonization by 2045, using Resources for the Future's electricity planning model.

Abstract image of water and land

Emerging Issues in Decentralized Resource Governance

This paper is a review of some current issues in the field of environmental federalism.

Carbon Capture Center

The Role of Direct Air Capture and Negative Emissions Technologies in the Shared Socioeconomic Pathway

We use the Global Change Analysis Model (GCAM) to understand the role of DACCS across all 5 SSPs for the below 2˚C and below 1.5˚C end-of-century warming goals. We assess DACCS deployment relative to other carbon capture methods, and its side effects for global energy, water, land systems.


Food-Energy-Water Implications of Negative Emissions Technologies in a +1.5 °C Future

Scenarios for meeting ambitious climate targets rely on large-scale deployment of negative emissions technologies (NETs), including direct air capture (DAC). However, the tradeoffs between food, water and energy created by deploying different NETs are unclear.


Net-zero emissions by 2050 are achievable, affordable in VA

In this opinion piece, Bill Shobe, director of the UVA Energy Transition Initiative, explains that "we can use renewables, energy storage and improved efficiency to reenergize Virginia's economy as we help reduce the harmful effects of global warming."

Electric Car Charging

Decarbonizing Virginia's Economy

This report explores four strategies for decarbonizing Virginia by 2050: efficiency in energy use, eliminating fossil fuels from electricity generation, electrifying transportation services and building energy use, and capturing and sequestering remaining CO2 emissions.

Electric Transmission Lines

Electricity Sales Forecast for Virginia 2020-2050

This report begins with a discussion of recent trends in Virginia's electricity demand, including the effects of the coronavirus pandemic.

Smart Meter

Developing a Smart Grid for Virginia

This report explores how a smarter grid can enable Virginia to take advantage of clean energy resources, energy storage, and demand management technologies. It discusses the costs and benefits of smart grid applications, and discusses Virginia’s efforts to develop a smarter grid.