This study examines the determinants of recreation participation, intensity, and venue choice in Virginia. The study has several components. It reviews literature in economics and leisure science on recreation demand and recreation participation choices. It assesses different categories of population-based methods to project outdoor recreation needs.
Climate change policy analysis has focused almost exclusively on national policy and even on harmonizing climate policies across countries, implicitly assuming that harmonization of climate policies at the subnational level would be mandated or guaranteed. We argue that the design and implementation of climate policy in a federal union will diverge in important ways from policy design in a unitary government.
This study describes the agricultural sector in Virginia Beach and gauges the contribution that it makes to the city economy. Although the industry and agricultural land base has shrunk considerably over the last 40 years, it began to stabilize in the last 15 years with expanded local land use regulations and land preservation efforts.
Southwest Virginia is a rural, low-income region of Virginia with poor oral health outcomes. One approach
that policymakers have offered to improve outcomes is opening a dental school
in the region. We assess how a new dental school could affect the availability
of dentists, utilization levels of dental services, and quality of care. Both
This study examines the health impact of a proposed dental school in
Southwest Virginia. In setting the stage for an evaluation of the dental school
impacts, this study first assesses the economic, social, and health context for
the Southwest Virginia region. It also presents a summary of research regarding
the causes of differences in oral health, demand and supply for dental care
This paper examines the distribution of dentists among U.S. counties along the rural-urban continuum. Dentist workforce availability has implications for oral health care access and utilization, which in turn can affect the quality of life, health, and productivity of rural residents. In addition, dentists form part of the non-tradable services sector, and its erosion may affect the vitality of rural economies.